Llevant, Portal Nou, Sant Pere and Jonqueres bastions [no longer standing]
A bastion was a fortified feature projecting outwards from the wall or a curtain wall. Its triangular shape enabled defenders to cover the wall and the nearest bastion with crossfire. Artillery batteries were emplaced on bastions in order to force enemy guns away from the curtain wall. Barcelona had eleven bastions. The Llevant, Santa Clara and Portal Nou bastions were the scene of the first Bourbon assault in the early hours of 11 September 1714. French troops attacked the Llevant bastion and the breach opened in the wall in the mill area, between the Santa Clara and Llevant bastions, but the defenders managed to repel them. An attack was launched on the Sant Pere bastion some hours later, and was immediately successful. The assailants crossed the defence lines and entered the city. Holding aloft the flag of Santa Eulàlia, symbol of the grave peril the city was facing, Rafael Casanova led a counter-attack in the area of the all beside the Jonqueres rampart, near the bastion of the same name, where he was wounded in the thigh. Barely an hour later, the Junta de Govern governing body surrendered to the Duke of Berwick.