These were the highest legislative measures in the Principality and could only be amended by the Courts. They were approved by pacts between the king and the braços, or estates. The Catalan constitutions were compiled on several occasions, in 1494, 1588-1589 and 1704, and, though they contained certain provisions that had fallen into disuse, most were perfectly valid in civil life. These provisions guaranteed, firstly, the collective rights of the Catalan people, preventing interference by the royal authority, and, secondly, a wide range of individual rights and guarantees. These included freedom of residence, the inviolability of domicile and correspondence, habeas corpus, the right not to serve in the royal army except to defend Catalan territory, the right not to be condemned without proof and, above all, the obligation of the
monarch to judge according to such proof, which prevented all arbitrary judgements. These collective and individual rights were enjoyed by a society that was organised around the three estates, founded on privilege and the resolution of conflicting social interests under the premises of Catalan constitutionalism.