Apartat històric - [[Què era què al 1700|Qué era qué en 1700|What was what in 1700]] - La Coronela
Barcelona Cultura
What was what in 1700

I “Holy Trinity” Battalion

1st Co.: Grocers / Confectioners

  • Grocer: A tradesman who sold spices and other everyday articles, usually excluding bread, meat, fish, vegetables and wine.
  • Confectioner: A tradesman who made fruit preserves, sweets and cakes and pastries.

2nd Co.: Merchants (Llotja del Mar Company)

3rd Co.: Master Tailors

4th Co.: Locksmiths, Nailors and Needlesmiths

  • Locksmith: An artisan who made and adjusted locks, keys and all kinds of iron objects for buildings, furniture, etc.
  • Nailor: a craftsman who made nails.
  • Needlesmith: An artisan who made needles, fishing hooks, wire, etc.

5th Co.: Master Builders and Grindstone-Makers

  • Master builder: An artisan who directed construction builders and labourers.
  • Grindstone-maker: An artisan who quarried stone for grindstones, made them or sold them.

6th Co.: Esparto Workers, Box-Makers and Turners

  • Esparto Worker: An artisan who made objects from esparto.
  • Box-maker: An artisan who worked wood to make small objects for decorative, domestic or military use.
  • Turner: An artisan who worked wood on a lathe.

7th Co.: Swordsmiths, Tapiners, Tinsel-Makers and Leather Gilders

  • Swordsmith: An artisan who made swords.
  • Tapiner: An artisan who made tapins, cork sandals with a leather lining, covered in fabric and worn particularly by women.
  • Tinsel-maker: Guildsman who made tinsel, adornments made from thin brass and polished to shine like gold.
  • Leather gilder: An artisan who gilded and printed leather, curtains, cushions, etc.

8th Co.: Law Students

II “Immaculate Conception” Battalion

1st Co.: Scribes or Notaries Public of Barcelona

  • Scribe: An artisan who drafted and authenticated deeds and contracts made public, and legal, governmental and administrative measures.

2nd Co.: Wool Carders and Fabric Dyers

  • Wool carder: Guildsman who engaged in any wool-making operation, from washing to napping.
  • Fabric dyer: An artisan who dyed wool, linen, silk and cotton fabrics.

3rd Co.: Cotton Makers, Tanners and Furriers

  • Cotton maker: An artisan who sold, threshed and spun cotton.
  • Tanner: An artisan who carried out the final process of treating leather or fur.
  • Furrier: A guildsman who made or sold fur coats.

4th Co.: Julians, Comb-Makers, Glovers, Hatters, Spectacle-Makers, Card-Makers

  • Julians: Artisans engaged in various textile trades, brought together in the Guild of Saint Julian.
  • Comb-maker: An artisan who made and sold combs.
  • Glover: An artisan who made and sold gloves.
  • Hatter: An artisan who made hats.
  • Spectacle-maker: An artisan who made spectacles.
  • Card-maker: An artisan who made playing cards.

5th Co.: Seamen and Shipbuilders

  • Shipbuilder: A guildsman specialising in making wooden ships.

6th Co.: Bakers (Flequers and Forners)

  • Flequer: An artisan who made, cooked and sold bread.
  • Forner: A person with an oven who baked bread, meat, fish or poultry brought to him by customers.

7th Co.: Velvet-Makers and Silk-Weavers

  • Velvet-maker: A silk-worker specialised in making velvet, damask, brocade and upholstery.
  • Silk-weaver: An artisan devoted to making silk fabrics with flowers and gold and silver embroidery.

8th Co.: Espadrille-Makers

  • Espadrille-maker: An artisan who made espadrilles.

9th Co.: Hosiers and Tallow Candlemakers

  • Hosier: An artisan who made, repaired or sold stockings.

Tallow candlemaker: An artisan who made tallow candles from wax they purchased from the abattoir.

III “Saint Eulàlia” Battalion

1st Co.: Royal Notaries

2nd Co.: Shoemakers

3rd Co.: Coopers

  • Cooper: An artisan who made barrels, particularly for wine.

4th Co.: Weavers, Wool Twisters, Carders and Sievers

  • Wool Twister: An artisan who twisted wool yarn.
  • Carder: An artisan who made the cards used to card wool.
  • Siever: A guildsmen who sieved goods, particularly corn.

5th Co.: Blanket-Makers, Booksellers, Glaziers, Sculptors and Gilders

  • Blanket-maker: An artisan who made blankets.
  • Bookseller: A guildsman who traded in books.
  • Glazier: An artisan who made glass objects.
  • Sculptor: A guildsman who worked wood, alabaster or stone.
  • Gilder: A guildsman who gilded objects. Gilders were also carvers and sgraffito artists, and engaged in sculpture, painting and even architecture.

6th Co.: Hat-makers and Braid-Makers

  • Hat-makers: An artisan who sewed hats and caps from wool, silk, yarn or worsted.
  • Braid-maker: An artisan who made small, luxury silk objects, such as ribbons, braids, buttons, etc.

7th Co.: Porters (Macips de ribera and Bastaixos)

  • Macip de ribera: A guildsman who manually transported goods from the riverbank or seashore to the city.
  • Bastaix: A guildsman who transported heavy goods, generally with the aid of a pad, rope, rod, etc.

IV “Saint Madrona” Battalion

1st Co.: Wax Candlemakers and Painters

  • Wax candlemaker: An artisan who made candles from wax.

2nd Co.: Silversmiths

  • Silversmith: An artisan who worked with silver.

3rd Co.: Horticulturists of the Portal de Sant Antoni

4th Co.: Linen Weavers

5th Co.: Hemp Cord and Catgut Makers 

  • Hemp rope maker: An artisan who worked, basically, with hemp, making ropes for ships.
  • Catgut maker: An artisan who made strings from the innards of animal, particularly sheep.

6th Co.: Stevedores

7th Co.: Sailmakers

  • Sailmaker: One who wove silk sails.

VI “Our Lady of La Mercè” Battalion

1st Co.: Bridle-Makers

  • Bridle-maker: An artisan who made bits and bridles for horses.

2nd Co.: Carpenters

3rd Co.: Haberdashers and Silk Sellers

  • Haberdasher: A guildsman who sold ribbons, buttons, pins, yarn, etc.

4th Co.: Bleachers

  • Bleacher: An artisan who bleached animal hides after hair or wool had been removed from them, ready to be used in making footwear, clothing, upholstery and other articles.

5th Co.: Potters

  • Potter: An artisan who made or sold pots, plates and other utensils from clay.

6th Co.: Tavern Keepers

7th Co.: Journeyman Tailors

  • Journeyman tailor: A tailor who has completed his apprenticeship but has not yet become a master of his trade.

8th Co.: Retailers

Retailer: A guildsman who sold food retail.

V “Sant Severus” Battalion

1st Co.: Causidicus Notaries

2nd Co.: Blacksmiths and Boilermakers

  • Boilermaker: An artisan who made and sold boilers and pots.

3rd Co.: Horticulturists of Portal Nou

  • Horticulturist of Portal Nou: One who farmed the fields around the Rec Comtal irrigation canal.

4th Co.: Jug-Makers, Pot-Makers, Mattress-Makers and Passementerie-Makers

  • Jugmaker: An artisan who made and sold jugs.
  • Pot-maker: An artisan who made and sold pots and other earthenware utensils.
  • Mattress-maker: A guildsman who made, repaired and sold mattresses.
  • Passementerie-maker: A guildsman who made ribbons or long, thin silk fabrics. Unlike braid-makers, they worked on a loom.

5th Co.: Cutlers and Scabbard-Makers

  • Cutler: An artisan who made and sold knives or daggers.
  • Scabbard-maker: An artisan who made scabbards for swords and daggers.

6th Co.: Butchers

7th Co.: Cobblers

8th Co.: Dyers, Silk Twisters and Innkeepers

  • Innkeeper: A guildsman who ran an inn.

9th Co.: Medicine, Philosophy and Theology Students