This was a non-professional armed force made up of craftsmen and artisans. The Coronela comprised 4,000 Barcelonans, organised into 48 companies and 6 battalions. Each company had 80 men, and each battalion was formed by 8 companies. The coronel of this urban militia was Rafael Casanova, the chief councillor. Companies were formed according to the guild or trade to which members belonged, and battalions were named after the Catholic patron saints of the city (1st: Holy Trinity; 2nd: Immaculate Conception; 3rd: Saint Eulàlia; 4th: Saint Madrona; 5th: Saint Severus; 6th: Our Lady of La Mercè). This urban militia led the radical and popular defence of Barcelona during the siege of 1713 and 1714, when the city was abandoned by regular Allied troops. When the Bourbon siege began, the city defences were reinforced by the formation of squads known as esquadres de quarts, comprising civilians and refugees not already enlisted in the Catalan army or the Coronela. Eight such squads were formed, containing more than 2,700 men, converted into four battalions during the final months of the siege (1st: Saint Raymond of Penyafort; 2nd: Saint Mary of Cervelló; 3rd: Saint Salvador of Horta; 4th: Saint Oleguer). These forces were finally integrated into the Coronela. The desire to involve most people in the defence of Barcelona was a consequence of the city’s political model, in which ordinary citizens also formed part of the governing bodies of the Council of One Hundred through guilds and tradesmen’s organisations (an estate formed by the guilds of surgeons, apothecaries, notaries and others, and to which craft professions were gradually added). Accordingly, enlisting in the Coronela was seen as a civic duty, inherent to the exercise of one’s political rights. After the royal authorities and the allied armies abandoned Barcelona, it fell exclusively to the Catalan institutions to defend the city, and these authorities mobilised the citizenry, calling on them to defend Catalonia’s own rights and laws.